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The Somerton Man Case. The body of a man found on an Australian beach close to a major Atomic Testing ground, he was probably poisoned, a copy of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam and an unbroken Code page found and associated to him. Set against a Cold War background in 1948, was this man a spy? We think so and this blog focuses on the evidence that was left behind and in some cases missed, the Code page, Dry Cleaning numbers, A Poem and a small, torn piece of paper bearing the words TAMAM SHUD.

Saturday, 18 March 2017



Recently Nick Pelling, the self-appointed arbiter of all things Somerton Man related, announced he had found high-resolution images of the Somerton Man Code page. They were apparently on an obscure blog page and amongst them was a 1200 DPI resolution image. Apart from the fact that the term DPI relates to the print resolution, Nick went on to claim that micro writing found on the original 400 DPI image would also have to appear on the 1200 DPI version that he found if it were real.

There are a number of issues with the 1200 DPI version but to show good faith, I examined one of the numerous copies that Nick had uploaded to one of his sites and it showed as having a resolution of 1200 DPI. Below are just some of the images, in fact from the 4th line, from the 1200 DPI code page. And as he has committed himself, by default he has acknowledged the presence of micro-writing. Well done Nick :)

The micro writing is in the .4mm to .6mm range so well above the edge of perception that Nick clings to. For the record, the edge of perception is closer to .15 mm, there are people who have written at that size and maybe even still do. The writing implements used vary, from super sharp pencils to specially honed 'crow quill' pen nibs and even pin heads or sharpened matches. Tradecraft is all about making use of everyday items and to hide things, especially communications, in the less obvious places but nearly always in plain sight. On this blog, there are a number of posts on just how micro writing was done and then concealed.

The images shown here are from the raw file and have been taken from screen images with the exception of the final two images of the letter Q found near the base of this post, these were first printed out and then marked up.

The next step for some of these images and others I have, is to work on enhancing their appearance without destroying their content. These will be published as and when they are completed.

This letter A is tightly packed with micro written code as you can see, it's a little blurred for which I apologise but it is the result of artificially inflating the DPI from 400 to 1200 which is generally regarded as not a wise thing to do. Nonetheless, it shows micro-writing.

And below is another, again from line 4:

And the 3rd letter A from line 4 which is not as clear the previous two but enough to show the presence of shall we say unusual markings with faint outlines of numbers:

The letter B below is really quite good given the nature of the scan:

This is the letter I from line 4, again a little blurred caused by the rescan effect:

Not a bad example, the lower halves of the two uprights in the letter M show the tightly packed micro writing as has been posted about on this blog for some years. In some cases, the writing is double stacked, notably wherever the letters of the 'code' are fatter.

The letter O was quite difficult to retrieve but once again you should just be able to make out numbers again tightly packed:

 And now the famous letter Q of which Nick has become so fond. Sadly, the Q had been faded somehow, I wonder how that would have occurred? But, the good news is it can be recovered and even though faded you can make out the letters with numbers 22 or 23 alongside. To the upper left of the Q, there is quite a nice string of numbers although faded a little. Even in the tail of the letter, you will find examples of micro written code. You will need to look closely at this letter, perhaps reading glasses around 2.5 would be of value.

Raw Image
Raw Image from 1200 DPI 'new scan'
Processed, contrast and curve

Raw, marked up image from 'new scan'

For the sake of balance, here is the same Q, raw image, but from the original version of the code page, it was 400 DPI. The method used was to print the image out at high quality, 600 DPI and then took images in dylight u16-megapixelgapixel camera with a macro setting for close up work. For the record I took the 'new scan' image, 'Raw marked up' immediately above in exactly the same fashion:


The reality is that DPI is not a measure of the quality of an image, it means 'DOTS PER INCH', dots of ink per inch delivered to the paper. Some have DPI confused with PPI which is Pixels Per Inch, a better indicator of quality. As you can see above the images taken from the 'new scan' at 1200 DPI is probably not quite as good as the immediately above, which came from the original, unaltered, 400 DPI image from the Advertiser newspaper.

All that's been done here is that I have taken the image above and the marked NP image in sunlight and at an oblique angle. That is the same technique used in forensics to help identify indented writing and also bears a resemblance to Holbein's 15th Century work, 'The Ambassadors' where a skull is 'hidden' within a painting which can only be clearly seen from a very specific angle. The art technique is known as 'anamorphic perspective'. I had the privilege of viewing that work in London some years ago, quite stunning.

 I have not done any real work on improving the example above as I had done on the first image of the Q which was improved and which clearly showed micro writing as you can see near the top left of this blog page.

Other issues to bear in mind when viewing fine detail work is to check your computer screen resolution and check the resolution at which your printer actually prints out, that is the DPI at which it prints.

Without wishing to get too complex, essentially most computer screens have a resolution at which digital images are displayed of between 150 and say 180 Pixels per inch. So even if you have the best quality image, it can only display at 150 to 180 Pixels per inch. If you below say 160, then you will probably miss out on fine details. You can check your screen display resolution here:

In contrast, many smartphones have screens that display at above 600 PPI, a significant improvement and that explains why those with such phones are easily able to see the evidence that I have posted here on the blog. You will find a list of devices and their respective resolutions on the same checking page.

Checking your printer DPI capability can be a little more complex, however, most non-commercial ink jet printers have two main settings, 300 DPI and 600 DPI with 600 DPI providing the better quality.

It doesn't matter if your image says it is 1200 DPI, you are constrained by the ink jet printer's capability which in the vast majority of cases is 600 DPI maximum.

In a much earlier post, I described just how a 400 DPI image is hard to differentiate from a 1200 DPI image. You'll find it in the archive along with a list of Micro Writing posts that demonstrate how it is and was done and how it was concealed.

So, let's do away with the utter nonsense of whether or not there is micro-writing, it's a fact, there is such a thing as micro-writing, it is found on the code page and elsewhere including Verse 70  the torn piece and significantly, in the Hay Internment Camp banknotes. It has been and may still be in use by the various intelligence services and it is very effective. That former point being perfectly illustrated in the classic confusion it has caused to those 'experts' that condemned it out of hand without even testing the methods that were shown to them. In Einsteins words, 'Condemnation without investigation is the height of ignorance'

A Code?

Is it a 'code'? I don't honestly have the answer to that, what we do have though are other examples of micro writing including the Hay banknotes, Verse 70 and the torn piece from the Rubaiyat. On the much-laboured point of 'quantised artefacts' oft promoted by Nick, there are no 'quantised artefacts' in either the 400 DPI nor this latest version. I could explain how they work but I think it is a little bit complex and I wouldn't want to spoil the fun but for those interested, you'll find the explanation of these artefacts with examples, here.... You will see 'pixelation' in the images shown in the link but nothing that approaches the shapes of letters and numbers in the code page.

It is the Hay banknotes and their micro writing that link to the man Tibor Kaldor whose demise was uncovered by good friend Clive some months ago, then the verse 70 poem links Jestyn and Alf to the same style of clandestine communications and finally, the Somerton Man for whom we have a serious candidate, a Major Fedosimov. We do have an update on Tibor which will be published in the next few days and more to add to the post on Fedosimov.

Saturday, 25 February 2017



Major Pavel Ivanovich Fedosimov, KGB.
Last seen in August 1948 boarding a ship bound for Russia. In the absence of any proven sighting or documentation that proves otherwise, this man could well be SM.

Is this just a name picked out from a book? In a way, it was because we were directed to a particular book by Senator Cavanagh in 1970. Of all the books he could have chosen and there are hundreds that had been written about the Cold War years, he chose just one, The Atom Spies. In this book, there is a page that describes the meeting of spy Harry Gold with a man that matched the description of the Somerton Man. He was tall, he walked on the balls of his feet and he was a spymaster. The same incident was described in another book, his name appeared in the second book.

Due to some urgent issues here, I am posting pretty much on the fly but here are some images that provide an answer to the issue of the ear shape on this man.

The image on the left is a close up of SM's right ear and on the right, the close up of Fedosimov's right ear. I have adjusted the angle of Fedosimov's pic to try to match that of SM.

Look carefully at SM's ear, you can see what appears to be part of his lobe which may or may not be attached. The full face image of SM shows more detail of the left ear which looks to be quite different and that, it seems that it is relatively common to have unmatched ears.

I think it is possible that we have the same man and that the ears are a close match. I want to qualify that somewhat. If we had another image of Fedosimov that showed the right profile of his face and ear then we would be in a far better position to make a final call.

I didn't have to look that far to find an example where the angle of a photograph taken of a person's face, can significantly alter the appearance of the ear. 

This is Novikov, Russian Consulate General to the US and Fedosimov's boss. The image on the left shows what looks like a joined ear but on the right it may or may not be joined.

It has also been commented that Fedosimov's nose looks different and pretty much the same argument can be applied with some minor differences. The most significant issue is the colouration that shows up on his nose. If we look at SM's full face image, he is obviously deceased and therefore there is no colour in his head. You can also see that his left lower ear appears to cut sharply in to join the side of his face and it protrudes somewhat at the top, not an apparent match to his right ear but there's nothing really unusual about that.

More to follow on this post...

Sunday, 12 February 2017


How many times have we looked at this page?

What do you see?

If we take a lesson from this page we see that every line begins with M except the last line... But is that correct?

We've looked at this page so many times and every time I look at it I see something more. Here's what I see now:










That I believe is the original format of what we see handwritten on the code page. The break appears to be on the line VTT. The V in Pro Sign terms indicates 'MESSAGE FROM'

I also see what appears to be a space between the O and the A  in line 5.

So why was the code page written in the way it was?  I think it's because there simply wasn't enough room to write the letters at the height they were in their original format. So, if they wrote it out as I suggest above, the page would have to be 1.5 times as long to accommodate it.

I am also convinced and have shown many times on this page how each letter contains microcode. thus they had to be of a minimum size in order for that to be done.

Look at it again, 26 letters appear before the two crossed lines and 24 after them.

BUT, the line apparently drawn through line two, was it drawn before the letters or after them? How would you know? Was it really a crossed out line or has everyone simply jumped to a conclusion? Remember that the Police overwrote the indentations they saw on the page. Why is that important, mark and note this please, it will be important when the time comes?

What about the two crossed lines and the X in the middle? They also contain microcode as do the flourishes at the base of the page.

Add all the coded letters and lines up again. Prior to the VTT line there are now 28 code carrying lines/letters if we accept that the upper part 'owns' one of the two crossed lines in the centre.

If we apply the same rule to the last half we find that, including the lower crossed line and the flourish beneath the R as well as the flourish at the base of the page, it also has 28 code carrying lines/letters.

Now apply the Pro Sign information in the US Army manual to the letters and what you have is a set of instructions, it is that because the real code is within the letters and lines.

I can hear the eyebrows raising, just remember that we are dealing with real experts in their field who were masters at lateral thinking. These were not pseudo-intellectuals or would be members of the aristocracy, these people knew how to conceal and hide messages so that they didn't look like messages, it was their trade. I know this flies over the head of some but please, allow me this much.

The final post for this blog is approaching fast, very soon the Somerton Man will be named. It will still leave many questions including those surrounding Tibor Kaldor and the statements emanating from the University of Adelaide and, of course, what did the code contain? That will be a matter mostly for others.

Sunday, 5 February 2017



Russian Liner Pobeda

The year of 1948 was marked, amongst other things, by a series of departures. Some of these departures were of people, some were of organisations and some were of roles, some were temporary and some were more permanent in nature.

For the purpose of this post, we are focusing on those events that we think may have some bearing on the Somerton Man case.

1. July 29th. 1948, Elizabeth Bentley is named and thus she departed her role as a Russian Spy, her statements led to the fall of many communist spies who had buried themselves deep into the Manhattan and other major projects.

2. Pavel Ivanovich Fedosimov, Russian diplomat and known spy. He is believed to have first landed in the US in 1940 and records show that he was officially transferred to the US in 1943. His name appears in a number of Venona cables the first from Ottawa in 1943.  In one of those cables he makes mention of a meeting with HDW, Harry Dexter White. Ottawa is widely regarded as the place at which the Cold War commenced.

Pavel boarded the Russian ship Pobeda on 31st July 1948, there have been no sightings of him since that date.

3. A different kind of departure was that of Oksana Kasenkina, a Russian teacher employed to teach the children of Russian staff at the United Nations in New York. This lady wrote to the editor of a Russian language newspaper in NY and asked for refuge. She was taken to Reed Farm a property owned by the White Russian Tolstoy Foundation. The reason for her fleeing to the farm was to avoid being put on a boat back to Russia, that boat was the Pobeda, due to sail on 31st July with fellow passengers including Pavel Ivanovich Fedosimov.

Oksana did not catch the boat, instead, following a raid led by the the Russian Consul General, Jacob Lomakin, Oksana was taken back to the Russian Consulate from where she subsequently escaped by leaping from the 3rd storey of the building. She was rescued by two NY Police officers and hospitalised with quite severe injuries, it was from her hospital bed that she asked for asylum, she defected to the US on August 7th 1948.

4. Harry Dexter White, economist and US Director of the International Monetary Fund, left this world on August 16th 1948 just two weeks prior before he was due to answer allegations that he was a Russian Spy. There is an account that states that HDW was visited by two unknown men just hours before his death. HDW had been suffering from a heart ailment and amongst his medications was Digitalis.

5. Jacob Lomakin, Rusian Consul General to the US, following the debacle of the raid and subsequent defection of Oksana Kasenkina, was given 3 days to leave by the US President Harry S. Truman. On 28th August 1948, Lomakin set sail for Russia. He was last heard of in the early 1950s at the Russian
Embassy in Peking. He died in 1954.

6. September 3rd 1948, this time it is not a person who departs, it is a whole organisation. It was on this date that moves began to declare the Communist Party of Australia an illegal organisation. The following year saw its leader, Lance Sharey, imprisoned for sedition. Whilst the Party was not in fact banned, this date proved to be the turning point and the Party went into decline despite one last throw of the dice in the Coal strike in 1949.

A bigger picture is emerging, a global picture and there is more  to follow as we move towards the events in Adelaide in December 1948.

Check back soon...

With thanks and acknowledgement to Clive for his contribution and commitment, progress is being made with much more ahead. 

Monday, 30 January 2017



Clive has been in touch with an Austrian Researcher who tells us that she has found another 3 males called Tibor Kaldor all of whom are buried in the same cemetery in Wels Austria not far from Linz.

Our researcher has kindly forwarded 2 of the Death Certificates, whilst there appear to be no formal records for the 3rd man apart from a headstone which bore no date of death.

The forms below are being translated as I write this but what we can see is that both were signed by the same man a Dr. Dreseler. You can also see that the reference numbers at the head of each form are different:

3631/34.856  and 3635/34.890

The dates of death are:

22nd May 1945 and 27th May 1945 respectively

TK 1

TK 2

Perhas you could say this is posted a little prematurely but it does add more to the mystery surrounding Tibor Kaldor. If you recall we recently found that the University of Vienna had no record of his having attended there which conflicts with his claim of having a PhD from Viennna. A commenter suggested that he may have simply fudged the name of the University to impress, and that is being chased down now.

Could it be that these two men of the same name died within days of each other in the same location? Yes, that's possible of course, the sad passing of a father and son perhaps, although it does sound unlikely. But for now we have yet another question about Tibor Kaldor. More to follow once the forms have been translated.