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The Somerton Man Case. The body of a man found on an Australian beach close to a major Atomic Testing ground, he was probably poisoned, a copy of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam and an unbroken Code page found and associated to him. Set against a Cold War background in 1948, was this man a spy? We think so and this blog focuses on the evidence that was left behind and in some cases missed, the Code page, Dry Cleaning numbers, A Poem and a small, torn piece of paper bearing the words TAMAM SHUD.

Tuesday, 27 September 2016



The following images the comparisons of the technique used by Hay Internees, The Dunera Boys, in the creation of their Banknotes with the examples of microcode writing in Jestyn's Verse 70 to Alf Boxall and then to the code found on the Somerton Man 'code page'

As pointed out in earlier posts, it is important to remember that the focus of many of these images are very small letters and numbers and they have slightly different shades of colour. Generally, the letters and numbers themselves are a shade or two darker than the surrounds. For these reasons, we advise that you should allow your eyes a few moments to focus on each image.

The Signatures

In this image, you can clearly see that the signature on the banknote to the left contains micro-coded numbers.

On the right, you can see a set of letters and numbers within Jestyn's signature. 

Conclusion: The same technique of concealing micro characters in cursive writing was used on both occasions. 

The team who created the Hay Banknotes individually signed by hand each and every single note of each denomination, an estimated 6000 notes were produced.

The Lines

In this next image you can see the string of numbers and some letters within the line at the top of the shield. These characters were different in that each character appears to have been written in using a pencil after the note itself was printed.

To the left is a shield from a Two Shilling note containing the handwritten micro characters.

The image on the right is the 'crossed lines' that appear in the centre of the code page, you can just see micro written and some letters that make up the so-called crossed lines.

Once again, the micro written numbers were written by hand after the banknotes were printed, more than 6000 of them is the estimate.

Here's an enlarged version of the crossed lines from the 'code page':

The trail starts in Hay in early 1941 with the creation of the Internment Banknotes by George Anthony Teltscher and his handpicked team of fellow internees, some of whom shared the same hut with him at Hay Internment Camp 7, Hut 26. As an aside, Mr. Teltscher was a descendant of John Adams, 2nd President of the USA. Mr.Teltscher in fact changed his surname to Adams, his mother's maiden name, in 1947. 

The next time this technique shows up in Australia is in August 1945 at the Clifton Gardens Hotel when it is said that Jestyn handed Alf Boxall a copy of the Rubaiyat into which she had hand written a verse from the book, Verse 70.

Finally, the same technique shows up one more time in 1949 when a mysterious code turns up and is associated with the body of a man who had been found on Somerton Beach on December 1st 1948., it appears that it had first been written on an inner leaf of the book using the inside of the back cover as a rest. That action led to indentations being left on the inner back cover which, according to the Police, was revealed by the use of special lighting.

Since that time, numerous attempts have been made by many people and organisations including The Adelaide University. None were successful.

I was lucky to uncover the microcode around 2012 and that was concealed but in plain sight, for 64 years.

Whilst many have had difficulty in accepting this fact, it has now been proven beyond doubt as you can see. There are many more images and some will be added to this page over the next few days. I obtaining them I used filtered sunlight and oblique camera angles. The camera is a Pentax digital, 16 megapixel, dual shutter. The base images range within 400 dpi to 1200 dpi in the case of the Hay Notes. The techniques are known and reliable digital forensic methods.

As you will see in the images below, we have made some improvements on earlier efforts and from here we can look towards getting some enlarged versions.

What is perhaps the most interesting, if chilling, aspect of this discovery came within the last few weeks when fellow researcher Clive from Adelaide, during his research found an article in the Adelaide papers dated 14th December 1948 regarding the apparent suicide by poisoning of another man, Tibor Kaldor from Melbourne.

Tibor had been an internee at Hay, in fact, he had traveled to Australia on the HMT Dunera along with Mr. Teltscher and 1992 others who had been arrested in the UK for being Enemy Aliens.

Tibor had left a last note that we have examined carefully and, using an acrostic decoder, it was found that there was indeed a coded message left within his note which you can read via this link,

Those that have been following this series of posts will know that Tibor's body was taken to the Adelaide City Morgue which was occupied by one other male at the time, the Somerton Man.

There you have it, from Hay Internment Camp 7 to the Clifton Gardens Hotel to the discovery of a mysterious code in Adelaide and the death by poisoning of two men within two weeks of each other.

There's a lot more to this story and we will be revealing it over the coming weeks along with additional possible identities for the Somerton Man who we believe was a fellow Internee for Tibor and the almost 2000 other men arrested in the UK during June and July 1940.

Additional Images:

Click on any of these images to see in Gallery view.

Verse 70


The 'DASH'

The Code Page 

X Lines:

The 'crossed lines' in the centre of the code page are, as you will see here, long strings of mostly numbers but with some letters interspersed. The lower line contains some very small examples, around .4mm in height and you can see how each letter and number is quite separate even at that size. I can vouch for the degree of skill needed to achieve that result.

Bottom Flourish



At the top of the page you will see an AFIO disclaimer, as I have published before on the blog, I am a research member of that organisation. I can recommend it to you if you are at all interested in the history of Intelligence agencies in the West. They publish regular newsletters and great articles as well as The Intelligencer magazine. I joined because I have found it invaluable and it has given me information that would otherwise have been more difficult to source and obtain, Anyone can apply to join and the fee is most reasonable, the application does ask some searching questions as you might expect but nothing onerous. It is a requirement of membership that if you have a blog or deliver presentations and use their information in any way, then you should post a disclaimer. It is a professional and well-respected organisation and I hope that you will consider joining.

Saturday, 24 September 2016



The First Of Three possible 'suspects' for the Somerton Man

The header image shows the covers of two flyers designed and produced by the internees at Hay Internment Camp 7. They both depict ballet dancers and was indeed part of their productions, but. at this point at least, our interest is in one particular ballet dancer.

You may notice the name HECKROTH on the flyer to the left. If his name sounds familiar it could be because this is the same Heckroth who painted all 120 backdrops for the ballet Movie, 'The Red Shoes'

This is a joint post with Clive who continues to put in a huge amount of effort with this project, apart from that he's a good bloke to work with. He is seriously good value and when we find SM it will in no small part be due to the work that Clive puts in.

UPDATE: Please see base of the page for latest update, 'Dental Records'

This is what we know:

This man was described as a ballet dancer :

5' 11 1/2 " in height

156 lbs in weight

Hazel eyes

He had brown hair

He had no distinguishing marks recorded

He arrived in Australia on the HMT Dunera in September 1940. He was a Dunera Boy.

He was one of 25 men that lived in Hut 26 at Hay Camp. This is the same hut that was occupied by George Anthony Teltscher, the designer of the Hay Bank notes that included on them numerous instances of very clever, concealed and disguised micro written letters and numbers. 

(As a slight aside but quite relevant is that Mr. Teltscher's mother's maiden name was Adams, she was an American and was a known descendant of George Adams, the 2nd. President of the United States, DNA included.)

He was born in Berlin

He was a Catholic on his form, (an issue with that is that only Jewish and part-Jewish internees occupied Camp 7 with Protestants and Catholics in Camp 8 at Hay.)

He had considerable international dance experience and was well recognised in those circles in Europe according to press reports. (The DVD The Dunera Boys, includes a section on a dancer and a cabaret put on by the Dunera Boys)

According to  records, his family being deceased, he nominated just one friend on his form, an American,  a Mr Milton Waldman of Oxfordshire as a next of kin. Mr Waldman was an author who also carried out proofreading and editing work for book publishers. His main claim to fame is that he once famously turned down Alexander Tolkien's work, The Lord of The Rings for being too lengthy. 

Our ballet dancer was later to name a Peggy Waldman as a next of kin.

In 1942, after first being transferred from Hay to Tatura in Victoria, our ballet dancer is released from internment and  joined the 8th Employment Company via Bendigo but with it's base at Royal Park in Melbourne . The 8th was the home of some 500 ex Dunera boys whose work included fruit picking, wood chopping as well as loading transports vehicles and trains.

In January 1943, the man, now a Corporal, announced his engagement to an Elisabeth Weiner, a teacher and herself a well-known ballet dancer.

Following the war, our man took part in a number of dance productions and one article in particular was of great interest, in it an evenings entertainment and dance described our man as appearing in tartan. Those familiar with the case will recall the case at Adelaide Railway Station that contained a large tartan scarf. A small detail but who knows where that may lead?

In 1945 he applied for Naturalisation.

In August 1948, it appears that he had found that his mother was still alive and he applied for her to enter Australia. No doubt he would have communicated with her by mail, possibly lettercard as would many other internees with relatives in Europe. One wonders how he may have known that his mother was still alive.

That year 1947, is the last in which we can find any trace of our man who's name was:

Karl Alfred Elmar Peter Schmitz.

This man is the first of three on our list. 

We have two issues for him, both of which will possibly be resolved:

1. His date of birth is shown as 1918, this would make him too young to be SM. However, on talking with both Dunera museums, they were quite clear that it was very common for wrong details including dates of birth to be entered on internees forms. Another issue that could relate is the apparent age difference between Peter and his fiance, Elisabeth Weiner who was 12 years his senior, which, at that time was not the done thing. We found no record of a marriage between them. The level of Peter's experience as published makes it unlikely that he was just 22 years of age when he arrived in Australia.

2. We have no photograph of the man we will call Peter Schmitz.

This is where we need your help, of the 9800 people who view this blog each month, I am hopeful that some will be able to join us and see if we can find a photograph of Peter. We won't publish your details unless you specifically ask to do so. 



The Hay Internment camp had an excellent dentist, himself an internee, there is a very interesting story attached to this man and his work but for this time, our focus is on the detailed dental records he kept of the treatment of his many patients. As many will know, the Somerton Man had some specific dental issues including a number of missing teeth. Dental records can be a lot like fingerprints of course and Clive is in the process of following through on this aspect.

The images above are examples of the Hay dental records kept by Reinhold Waldsax

These records will be extraordinarily valuable in our research.

Some additional background, Mr. Waldsax had very few instruments when he arrived in Hay and often had to fabricate them from other items such as 6 inch nails and screws, an incredibly resourceful man.

Another update for you, there is a link between Peter Schmitz and an Internationally known Art benefactor. More to follow.

As you can see, we have some more work to do with this man's information. If we find something that totally precludes Peter from our search then we will move on to our next 2 'suspects'.
We will be adding a number of images of various press articles over the coming days.

Friday, 23 September 2016


The image above is an acrostic view of the Bible Codes. An acrostic message is one hidden in an apparently ordinary message or poem, I am sure that many reading this post will probably already be aware of that.

Words or letters can be extracted from a poem such as:
- Initial letter of a line
- Initial letter of a word
- Letters in the middle (mesostic)
- Last letters of a line (telestic)
- First and last letters (acroleuton)

And more.

TIBOR'S NOTE, Who Was Danetta?

In the case of Tibor Kaldor's last letter to the world, it is just possible that he left a hidden, if cryptic message. The letter itself was quite unusual, having seen a number of last notes at first hand, many would be simple messages of goodbye with regrets and apologies, others would be rants and recriminations but I cannot recall one where such care had been taken to structure their last words.

 I can tell you that at first, I thought I would just give the acrostic approach a try but when the first word popped out of the decoder, I was actually stunned. The first word was 'DANETTA', a girls name, in fact, a Hebrew girl's name and its meaning is 'God is My Judge'. Could that be purely a coincidence?

The approach I took was to decode the letter one paragraph at a time, below you will see the method used followed by the output from each of the 7 paragraphs:

Letter n Line n: Danetta ( Girls Name Meaning God is My Judge)

Word end each line: And see observed

Word n Line n Reverse: Left Leave Like Teaching Leave    

Word n Line n Reverse: Incident be informed necessary

Word 1 each line: I and others

Word n Line n Reverse: Kaldor yours trouble unpleasantness everything

Word end each line: Things inventory suitcase

What could this all mean? Why would a man who, in his own words, had no relatives and no one to notify except for someone in London, leave a hidden message and just what would that message be meant to convey? Could it be it was his way of reaching out to someone he already knew to be dead? Could it be that he believed that someone with an understanding of what had happened would get to read this note? Someone perhaps in authority?

Who was Danetta or was it a message telling those that need to know that there was perhaps something of value in the suitcase inventory? Had it not been for that name appearing 'off the bat', then I probably wouldn't have looked much further.

Is it a valid message? There are, I feel sure, those reading this, who have far more experience in this kind of decoding and any feedback would be welcome.

Here's the transcript of the original note left by Tibor:

Dear Sir,
             I am very sorry to cause some unavoidable in  -
convenience. I have decided to end my life and have
taken an overdose of sleeping tablets. The reasons
do not matter, but you will understand that nobody
would take such a decision lightly. There was no
other way out.

           I suppose the formalities will be fairly simple, and
I would like to ask you, as far as it  rests with you, to see
that the following arrangements are observed.

           I should like to leave my body to the University
for research or teaching purposes. If this is not possible
I should like to be cremated without any ceremony.
I leave my belongings to the Red Cross if something is
left after payment of expenses.

          No notifications are necessary as I have no relatives
and have informed a friend in London myself. I
should be particularly grateful if you could prevent the
incident getting in to the press as far as this is possible.

       I am enclosing one pound for my hotel expenses
and 10/- sh for distribution to the chambermaid and
others to whom I may cause inconvenience.

Page 2.
          I think this covers about everything. Once more
sincere apologies for the unpleasantness and best?
thanks for the trouble you are taking.
                                                Yours Faithfully
                                                               T Kaldor

             P.S. If you want to take any of my things
you are quite welcome.    There is an inventory
of  clothing  articles in  the  bigger  suitcase

For those who would like to try an acrostic extractor, here's the link

With many thanks to Clive who found the original news article on Trove that provided this blog with the information on Tibor and thus led to the many interesting and relevant facts surrounding the Hay and Tatura Internment camps and the Dunera Boys.


We have a name, we have someone who matches the description of the Somerton Man and who has other important links to the case. 


There are a few things that we need to clarify and a few wrinkles to work on but this man has so much in common with his profile that we have an 85% certainty at this stage that we may just have found SM. This will be a joint article with Clive and very probably the most important post ever presented on our blog.

Thursday, 22 September 2016



NEW POST ON TIBOR KALDOR This Saturday 24th September: Another Code Found?

We are working hard at getting the next post out with more information on codes and Tibor Kaldor, it is taking a little longer than anticipated and so I have decided to post on a couple or reports that I think many will find of interest.

Below are two images taken from SA Police reports that deal with the Somerton Man case and include references to some names and to the Rubaiyat as well as the code:

This first document is all but complete, notice that it is made clear that the man's eyes were grey in colour according to this report and not hazel as some have suggested. It also discusses a possible ID of SM:

The following image is an excerpt from a larger report, it discusses quite a few aspects of the case, you will notice a discrepancy in the format and content of the code.

Of particular importance is the statement made that the back leaf of the book was missing when the Rubaiyat was found and yet it goes on to discuss the fact that the code was found on the 'outer cover'. That suggests that the back leaf was perhaps an inner page of the book adjacent to the back cover. It could also mean that the back leaf was where the original code was written using the outer cover as a rest where the indentations were found although no mention is made of indentations.

Monday, 19 September 2016





This is the second in a series of 3 posts dealing with microcode within the context of the Somerton Man case. Part 1 is here

A familiar sight for many, it's Verse 70 from the Rubaiyat that Jestyn had apparently handwritten into the version of the Rubaiyat that she handed to Alf Boxall at their meeting in the Clifton Gardens Hotel way back in August 1945.

Just a normal handwritten verse? Not quite, the whole verse is an example of the use of microcode in much the same way that the Hay Internment Bank Notes had microcode hidden and disguised throughout each denomination of each note, the Verse 70 note written by Jestyn, as you will see, is similarly filled with microcode.

To the right is the number 70 written by
Alf Boxall. It is a little faded but quite viewable.

Alf had written this some time after his 1978 interview with Stuart Littlemore. We know this because at the time of the interview, an image was shown of Verse 70 and the number was not at the bottom of the verse, it must have been added at a later date.

The image above was an exciting find, super small, around .4mm code and possibly less. Proof, if more proof were needed that microcode was a tool with which Alf and probably Jestyn, were both very familiar.

The following is a larger set of close-up images from Verse 70. Some of these were obtained using the Ink H development technique namely, the high-quality printout was immersed in bleach. At the base of the page, you will find a selection of images from the same verse. It's important to note that the Ink H method of concealment of clandestine messages was, at the time, very much a secret method and yet this is what appears to have been used by Alf and Jestyn.

A close up view shows microcode within the highlighted letters. In fact, this appears in every single dashes, inverted commas, the question mark, and commas
letter of every single word and includes

Feint but readable, the letter 'b' in 'but was I sober when I swore?'

You can make out the end of the dash just left of the 'b'.

By now this may be starting to look familiar, it is the exact same technique that was used to enter micro letters and numbers into the signatures on the Hay Internment Camp notes.

This shows the upright in the last word of the vese, 'tore'. Apologies for the grainy look but we are dealing with extremely small numbers.

As a matter of interest, having pored over this verse for a number of years and having observed the microcode, I believe the tiny letters and numbers were written using a 'crow quill' nibbed pen that had been sharpened. It would also have required rapid drying ink.

Below is the last image in this post, this is the bottom left of the verse and includes the Number 70 you should be able to see the code in the letter Y from 'My'. Again these numbers are very small and hard to capture.

The questions we are left with are simple, did Jestyn write the code into the words of the verse or did Alf do that after Jestyn had written the verse out? If it was Jestyn, was this part of a training exercise? 

Jestyn had been studying to be a Nurse since 1942 but never completed her exams, This is something she had in common with members of the Nursing Yeomanry in the UK who, whilst apparently studying nursing, were also employed by SOE in the code field.

Remember that Alf had stated that he was in Intelligence, there are some unusual gaps in his records on NAA and a mention of special duties.

What we have done thus far across the recent posts, is to show you the microcode used in the Hay Internment Bank Notes and now in Verse 70, Jestyn's note to Alf Boxall. Worthy of note is the fact that the number 70 was written by Alf, sometime after the 1978 interview with Stuart Littlemore. We can say that because this verse was displayed in that interview and there was no sign of the 70 at that time.

Belt from the Fez lady in Verse 70 inscription.

Larger version, there are other examples of microcode within this image including the wrist decorations, ring, and trim.

In this image to the right, you can see code hidden within the slanted cursive writing, the best example would be the upright of the letter 'h' in the word 'when' to the lower right.

Left is from the first two lines, again the 'h' is highlighted and the misspelt 'off' before should have been 'oft' before. Wonder why no one noticed that mistake?

A wider shot showing surrounding examples, the top left letter 'g' from 'spring'., the coma and all marked letters contain code.

Everywhere you look on the Verse 70 inscription, you'll find code.

The next post is due this coming Thursday, 22nd September. We are getting much closer to our aim of identifying the Somerton Man, but a few hurdles yet to overcome.